Yoga is a concept in the Indian culture, broadly meaning various spiritual, psychic and physical practices developed in different directions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Yoga is aimed at the management of mental and physiological functions of the body in order to attain an elevated spiritual and mental state by an individual. In a narrower sense, yoga is one of the six orthodox schools (yoga-darsana) of the Hindu philosophy.
The main types of yoga are Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Hatha Yoga. In the context of Hindu philosophy, yoga refers to the system of Raja Yoga, described in the “yoga-sutras” of Patanjali and closely related to the fundamental principles of Samkhya which is one of the six āstika schools of Hindu philosophy.
Yoga is discussed in various Hindu writings, such as Vedas, Shiva-Samhita and Tantra. The ultimate goal of yoga can be quite different: from improving physical health to achieving Moksha (vimoksha, vimukti and mukti, is a term in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism which refers to various forms of emancipation, liberation, and release).
Outside India, the term “yoga” is often associated only with Hatha yoga and its asanas – physical exercises that do not reflect the spiritual and mental aspects of yoga. The one who studies and practices yoga is called yogi or yoga practitioner.
Benefits of yoga
Yoga improves the overall condition of the body.
Yoga makes more beautiful.
Yoga normalizes weight.
Yoga soothes and balances the nervous system.
Yoga increases internal energy.
Yoga improves relationships.
Yoga opens up a new perception of life.
Yoga strengthens women’s health.
Yoga lifts male strength.
Yoga is suitable for all.